Plastination outlet information

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Bovine foot anatomy plastination

What are the differences between regular plastinates and outlet offers?

There is no clear line and no specific criteria, which qualifies a specimen for an outlet offer. Still, typical reasons are:

  1. Preparation artefacts like unwanted removal of relevant tissue areas during the grinding process, cracks and discolorations caused by excessive heat during grinding
  2. Significant gas and debris inclusions in the specimen or surrounding resin, which disturb the investigation of anatomical detail or allover aspect of the specimen
  3. Uneven surfaces and edges of the surrounding plastination resin.

Where do the outlet offer come from?

Research Plastinates: Some of the above mentioned situations will occur when plastinates are prepared with a clear scientific focus. If the goal of plastinating tissue slices is the investigation and documentation of a specific anatomical detail, the result could be a rather large number of similar specimens all visualising the requested detail in a perfect way but taking no special care of other critera like the surface and egdes of the specimen, allowing more gas and debris inclusions and maybe even grinding artefacts in areas that are not in the focus of the investigation. After the documentation of the visible details these plastinate are kept in stock and can be offered as outlet plastinates.

Show Pieces and Used Plastinates: I present plastination specimens at conferences and exhibitions myself or museums and other exhibitors can rent plastinates and complete collections for display. The permanent handling, packing and unpacking causes some amount of wear, particularly in the acrylic surface of embedded plastinates. If for example scratches in the arylic surface reach a certain amount I decide on either:

  • refurbishing the plastinate or
  • offering it as outlet offer in acrylic embedding or
  • removing the acrylic and offering it as an outlet sheet.

Prototypes and Beta-Version specimens: The goal of my work is the improvement and further development of plastination and anatomical preparation. From a new idea to finalising the last details of a new process or variation I usually need to prepare more than 100 specimens. From a certain stage on these specimens are already fit for use, but might still need a bit of fine-tuning concerning the outer appearance, positioning and presentation. You can buy such specimens in the plastination outlet shop.

B-Quality from the regular plastination: For the plastination of regular specimen great care is taken to avoid problems like grinding artefacts and larger inclusions. Nevertheless not every specimen can fullfill the stardards of a regular plastinate and will be offered in the outlet shop.

Promotional offers: I am constantly adding new beautiful plastinates to the stock of regular specimens from which customers can “hand-pick” their specific plastinate. If stocktaking reveals that the amount of plastinates for a certain topic exceeds the requested amount I remove them from the regular stock. Once in a while you will find such “regular” plastinate as promotional outlet offers in the shop.

What can I expect from an outlet offer?

All offers fulfill the good standards of plastination and anatomical preparation. You will not find specimens which are actually “broken” or which do not allow proper investigation of details. I recommend to take a close look at the image in the description. The condition of most outlet offers could be described as “very good” , “like new” or “new” following the standards of Amazon Warehouse Deals. You will be able to recognise any major gas or debris inclusions, preparation artefacts, etc. in the image if they are present in a specimen. Also take a look at the outside shape and surface – is the specimen square, oval or do the edges follow the shape of the organ/tissue? In the text you will find information about the approximate thickness, ie is it a plastinate in acrylic or a plain sheet. The reason that qualifies a specific specimen for an outlet offer is only mentioned in the description in case that there is an issue of major relevance not visible in the image. Small gas bubbles, small scratches and minor signs of wear are not mentioned in particular even if they cannot be recognised in the image.

Can I return outlet offers?

Yes, you can return outlet items within 1 month (only download files are excluded). Please inform me within 1 month after you receive the plastinate. As soon as I receive the returned item you will get a full money refund including the shipping charged in the shop. You only have to pay the cost for the return postage. I recommend insured registered mail for returning items.

Bovine foot example:

This example of a cow foot sheet plastinate will show you a typical outlet offer:

On first sight you see a normal bovine claw section. The type of prepation is a TTT-sheet plastinate “sheet” without acrylic, cut in square shape. Taking a closer look you find on the one hand that there is an excellent visualisation of vascularisation patterns, tendons, cartilage, horn structures, hair, etc. On the other hand you can find that the navicular bone is partially missing and the upper growing region of the claw horn wall is also not properly visible. Furthermore there are quite significant micro-cracks in the bone corticalis. The net price of this outlet offer is 42,- EUR instead of 159,- EUR for a regular plastinate. Obviously this specimen would not be well suitable for explaining all relevant anatomical details in a perfect way as this would be done in a university anatomy class. Still, this plastinate provides an excellent insight and show the general complexity of the cow claw plus a large number of fascinating and relevant details like the P3 microsvascularisation, tendon and cartilage details, etc.

Bovine foot anatomy plastination

Bovine foot anatomy plastination

Flex moulage casts of the equine hoof for anatomical instruction


Moulage cast of the equine digit

Flexible rubber material for better insights and instructional use.
Hand coloration for even more realistic look and easier recognising of structures
Horse hoof slices are available in thickness from appr. 3 to 30 mm. Thinner specimens are more flexible.

Flex moulage casts are the latest invention to present the anatomy of the horse hoof in a way that makes horse owners understand the specific problems of the equine digit. In the beginning freeze-dried hoof slices and semi-sectioned hooves were the only available instructional aids. With their characteristic smell and pseudo-realistic appearance they often had a more shocking than instructional effect on the horse owner. Sheet plastinates of the hoof have a completely different appearance. Horse owner love them for their beauty and often consider them as pieces of art. Their only disadvantage is a lack of 3-dimensional insight (find many examples in the picture gallery EQUINE ANATOMY at Furthermore it was often requested to provide an anatomical model that allows you to move its different structures a little bit and allow you to investigate hidden details of the horse hoof anatomy.

Please take a look at the flex moulage casts as shown below. We consider a combination of sheet plastinates, high resolution anatomical picture prints and the new flex moulage casts a perfect fit for the needs of anyone who needs to explain the anatomy and pathology of the hoof to a horse owner.

You can find similar casts offered in my Etsy shop in the EQUINE ANATOMY section.

Flex moulage cast of other species and maybe even of the human anatomy will follow soon.



Strange anatomical structures in the hoof corium of the horse

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Suspensory apparatus of the equine pedal bone P3
Suspensory apparatus of the equine pedal bone P3
Detail view of the suspensory apparatus of the equine pedal bone
Detail view of the suspensory apparatus of the equine pedal bone
Horse hoof plastinate with distal phalanx (P3), hoof corium and wall.
Horse hoof plastinate with distal phalanx (P3), hoof corium and wall.
Detail view of the structure which might be part of the suspensory apparatus of the distal phalanx in the horse hoof
Detail view of the structure which might be part of the suspensory apparatus of the distal phalanx in the horse hoof

High resolution anatomical photographs of SI-Sheet plastinates of the hoof show structures which reach vom the coffin bone into the hoof corium. These might be part of the suspensory apparatus of the distal phalanx. I had discussed with Chris Pollitt in the past whether it would be possible to visualise the mesocopic details of the suspensory apparatus of the distal phalanx in sheet plastination specimens. With the help of the SI (Selective Impregnation) – method it might be possible.

I will examine more hoof plastinates and check whether these structures can be found in all hooves or if they might be a result of hoof disease like eg. laminitis. Meanwhile I am looking forward to your comments and ideas.

You can also find this picture in slightly higher resolution together with many other interesting pictures of the horse hoof anatomy in the Equine anatomy gallery at the HC Biovision website.

Rabbit teeth anatomy – why do tooth problems cause eye and nose symptoms?

posted in: Allgemein, Anatomy | 0

Rabbit teeth anatomy

Length of rabbit front teeth in the jaws.

Anatomical photographs provide detailed insights

Real anatomical sheet plastinate of a rabbit head

Rabbit teeth reach very far into the jaws. They end close to the eye and nose cavity. This is why teeth problems in rabbits can be misinterpreted as eye disease or infection of the nose. The real anatomical plastinate of the rabbit head allows better understanding of the topography of the rabbit teeth and other structures of the head. The real plastinated specimens and the high resolution scientific photographs can be also found as Detail Vision Offers in Etsy: Rabbit head sheet plastinate and photographs in Etsy

Horse hoof anatomy preparation – new plastination technique

posted in: Techniques | 0
Equine hoof anatomy teaching specimen
Prototype embedded silicone plastination hoof slice

A new kind of embedded silicone plastination specimen. It combines the realistic 3-dimensional vision of anatomical details in silicone plastination with the attractive and convenient hands-on approach of embedded specimens

Bone fracture in a horse foot – long pastern bone fracture

posted in: Anatomy | 0
Fraktur Fesselbein Pferd
Fracture of the long pastern bone in a horse foot

The sheet plastinate shows how the fracture goes through almost the entire long pastern bone. These fracture can usually not be treated in horses. During treatment horses develop severe problems also in the other foots: see plastination of laminitis in the equine hoof.

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